【舉例英文】for example,e.g.etc…你真的會用嗎?常見錯誤及用法整理大合集!

Cindy老師平時跟大家上課的時候,當提及到與例子有關的英文時,大家都可以馬上想到for example、such as等等的詞彙,可是有不少學生在使用這些詞彙的時候其實都不太理解它們之間的區別,甚至會用錯!所以今天cindy老師就為大家整理了這些容易混淆的字詞的用法意思大整理!最後還有練習和筆記下載喔!

如果想要「舉例來說」,完整表達你的論點或想法,大家都會馬上想到以下幾個詞彙﹕

  • for example
  • such as
  • like
  • e.g.
  • i.e.
  • etc.

不過,這些縮寫及詞語有什麼差異呢? 我又應該用那一個才對?今日Cindy老師就教教大家這幾個字的中文意思及用法!

For example 用法

For example通常用作舉「一個」例子,延續前文討論同一類型(人、事、物),你也可以用For instance代替;

位置及用法﹕For example一般都會放在句首、句中或句末;用在句首時,For example會接著逗點 ‘,’ 及完整的句子,例如﹕

My students are very talented. For example, Will plays 3 instruments.

(我有很多學生都很優秀,像是Will會三種樂器)

My students are very talented. Will, for example, plays 3 instruments.

(我有很多學生都很優秀,其中一位學生Will會三種樂器)

Different people have different talents. I play the piano very well, for example. My sister, on the other hand, plays basketball very well.

(For example用在句末,接著解釋與下一句的關聯。這邊解釋不同的人有不同才藝及專長。像是我很會彈鋼琴,而姊姊很會打籃球。)

Such as / like 用法

Such as和like一般用來舉「兩個以上」的例子,但不包含所有的例子,其中Like是非正式的用語(informal),在撰寫論文、公司文案時最好還是用such as 就好!

位置及用法﹕ 出現在例子前。要記得注意such as後面不能接完整的句子,只能接著列出例子;另外如果such as後面的例子是多於一個的話,就必須在such as前面加上逗號,例如﹕

Many animals, such as cats, sheep or cows, live on the farm.

Many animals,like cats, sheep or cows, live on the farm. 

(很多動物,像是貓咪,羊群,及牛群,都住在農場裡。由於例子多於一個,所以加上逗號,另外這邊such as及like可以替換使用)

但是有時候 “like” 會用來比較,用來比較不同名詞之間的特質,而 “such as” 是指具體的例子,例如﹕

Characters like Snow White, Aladdin, and Rapunzel continue to appear in movies and novels.

(“like”敘述著像是白雪公主,阿拉丁,及長髮公主這類型的角色會不斷在電影及小說出現)

Mary would love to travel to countries with beautiful beaches such as Italy, Maldives, and the Philippines.

(“such as” 列出實際的例子,Mary 想去這些國家)

e.g. 用法

E.g. 的用法就像for example跟such as的混合版,一般用來舉「一個、兩個或兩個以上」的例子,但不包含所有的例子

位置及用法﹕ 出現在例子前;e.g.後需要逗號’,’

I love all kinds of sports, e.g., basketball, volleyball, and soccer. (我喜歡各種球類運動,像是籃球、排球及足球)

My colleagues are all from different countries, e.g., America, Singapore, and Japan.(我的同事來自不同的國家,像是美國、新加坡及日本)

i.e. 用法

i.e.的意思是舉例有點不同,i.e.是用來釐清或提供更詳細的資訊,相當於「換句話說」、「那就是說」 ;

位置及用法﹕ 出現在例子前;i.e.後需要逗號’,’ ,例如﹕

I do not like eating raw fish, i.e., sushi.

(我不喜歡吃生魚,也就是說我不大喜歡壽司)

e.g. 跟 i.e. 的區別

很多人都以為e.g.跟i.e.是一樣的東西,都是舉例的意思;但其實它們兩者之間是有很細微的差異;

e.g. 及 i.e.最大的差異就是,前者提供更多的選擇,後者把範圍縮小,例如﹕

Every evening, I’ll head over to the downtown area, e.g., East district, Taipei Main Station, or Xinyi district.

(每晚我會到市區,像是東區、台北車站或信義區)

Every evening, I’ll head over to the downtown area, i.e., East district.

(每晚我會到市區,去東區可以找到我)

以下是更多的常見錯誤例子,大家要小心注意,學會怎樣正確用i.e.和e.g.!

(X) The accident happened in July, e.g., four months ago.

(O) The accident happened in July, i.e., four months ago.

(這件事故發生在七月,也就是四個月之前)

(X) I love sports, i.e., basketball, baseball and tennis.

(O) I love sports, e.g., basketball, baseball and tennis.

(我喜歡做運動,例如籃球、棒球和網球)

etc. 和so on用法

etc. 和 so on的意思是,表示清單未完成,還有很多例子沒有提出,也就是「等等等」的意思

位置及用法﹕ 放在例子清單最後,例如﹕

I can bake cupcakes, cookies, etc. 

(我會做像是杯子蛋糕、餅乾等這類的烘焙產品。)

**注意** 關於etc. 的常見錯誤

在使用etc.表達例子清單的時候,記得千萬不要再加上 “such as / like / e.g.”,因為當你使用 such as / like / e.g. 時,就已經表示你不會把所有例子都講出來,與etc.意思重疊,所以兩者只用其中一個就好!例子有﹕

(X) Bring items such as soda, chips, ice cream, etc. to the sleepover.

(X) Bring items e.g. soda, chips, ice cream, etc. to the sleepover.

(O) Bring items such as soda, chips, and ice cream to the sleepover.

(O) Bring soda, chips, ice cream, etc.to the sleepover.

(如果你想要過夜就帶些汽水、雪糕等零食過來吧)

練習實戰(答案在網頁最下方)

終於看懂了嗎? 馬上來練習,試試看下面的問題(是複選題喔):

 1. Not all mammals live on land, _________, some mammals live in the water. 

A. such as 

B. like 

C. e.g. 

D. i.e.

E. for example .

2. Not all mammals live on land, some mammals, _______ dolphins and whales, live in the water. 

A. such as 

B. like

C. e.g.

D. i.e.

E. for example

想不到答案嗎?再看看以下短片可能對你有幫助喔!

 

第一題答案是: D 第二題答案是: A , B , 或 C

必看相關文章:

i.e./e.g./ex./etc./et al/ 一次搞懂!實用英文縮寫懶人包!

下載筆記

剛剛學完很快又忘記了有什麼句式可以用?Cindy 老師貼心為你準備好複習筆記!只要傳送「example」到我們AmazingTalker的facebook專頁Messenger(或者網頁右下角的藍色按鈕),小編就會馬上傳送筆記給你啦!也歡迎點讚我們的英文學習專頁,上面會不定期發放英文學習的資訊和攻略喔!

作者介紹

Cindy Wang

Cindy Wang

Hi! I'm Cindy! I grew up in Canada and Israel. I love to interact with people, and with 4 years of teaching children, I believe I can help you learn English in a fun way! I'm very enthusiastic and passionate about teaching. I have taught students from elementary school and junior high school. I have assisted students with reading comprehension, combining storytelling and grammar lessons, while improving daily conversational skills through lessons taught all in English. Let's check out my profile and book a trial lesson with me.
Cindy Wang

Cindy Wang

Hi! I'm Cindy! I grew up in Canada and Israel. I love to interact with people, and with 4 years of teaching children, I believe I can help you learn English in a fun way! I'm very enthusiastic and passionate about teaching. I have taught students from elementary school and junior high school. I have assisted students with reading comprehension, combining storytelling and grammar lessons, while improving daily conversational skills through lessons taught all in English. Let's check out my profile and book a trial lesson with me.

想提昇英語能力?為您推薦台灣熱門英文家教!

Close Menu