【我也是英文】一次掌握 also, too, as well, either 用法!

"Also", "too", "as well" 及 "either" 有相同的含義,都是用來表示「也」的意思,但是使用上方式和用法都有所不同。 今天Cindy老師便幫大家整理了這幾個字的用法合集整理,教教大家怎樣在日常生活和寫作的時候用出來!文末還有練習與筆記下載喔!

Also用法

適用句子﹕肯定句、較正式的用法,在寫作中經常出現(for formal writing)

「Also」的用法比較特別,它會因應它在句子中的不同位置而有不同的意思,因此在使用also時便需要特別留意它的位置從而判斷其意思是甚麼。

一般來說,Also可以分別放在句首、句中以及句末,也因此有三個不同的意思﹕

放在句首﹕ 用來強調後面的句子或是加入新的主題或論點; Also後需要加上逗號’ , ’

You will get wet at the beach. Also, you might get a sunburn.

在沙灘很有可能會濕身喔,而且你應該需要一枝防曬乳

I will call again at 4pm after your meeting. Also, we need to set up a date to discuss the plans next quarter.

會議結束之後我會在4點再打電話給你,而且我們也要定一個日期討論下一季的營運策略。

放在句中﹕可以接在名詞及主動詞中的副詞(adverb),或在be動詞後(be verb),將整句話連接再一起

He works very hard but he also goes to the gym every day.

他每天都很辛勤的在工作,而且下班還會去健身室。

Jack is happy, and I’m also happy. (接在be動詞後)

Jack很開心,我也很開心

放在句末﹕用來連接兩個語句;但在對話時,比較常用 as well 或 too 

I called him from the office, but he didn’t pick up. He didn’t pick up his cell phone also.

(In speech: His phone was on silent mode too/as well.)

我已經打過電話給他的辦公室電話了,但他沒有聽;而且也沒有接聽手機。


Too 用法

適用句子﹕肯定句; 聊天中較長出現(for informal spoken English)

位置及用法﹕放在句子最後

Can I come too?

我也可以來嗎?

She likes basketball. I like basketball too.

她喜歡籃球,我也喜歡籃球。

Sara is short. Katie is short, too.

Sara很矮,Katie也是。

He looks really tired from standing all day at the booth and he must be really hungry too

他已經在攤位旁站了一天了,一定很累也很餓。


As well 用法

適用句子﹕肯定句; 聊天中較長出現(for informal spoken English)

位置及用法﹕放在句子最後

Are you coming as well?

你是不是也會來?

(ordering at a restaurant) I’ll have pork chops please. And I’ll have the salmon fillet as well.

我想要一份豬排,也想要一份三文魚片。

**常見錯誤**

不要將as well用在句前,as well會出現在句末

(O)正確﹕ You can bring your own drink. I think everybody else did as well.
 
(X) 錯誤﹕You can bring your own drink. As well I think everybody else did.

Either 用法

適用句子﹕否定句(=句子中有”not”)

Either 主要也是有兩個用法和意思,分別是「也是」和「也可以」,

1. 當意思是「也是」時﹕

位置及用法﹕放在句子最後;

She isn’t short. Her sister isn’t short either. (放在句子最後)

她不矮,她姐姐也不矮

2. 意思是「也可以」時﹕

位置及用法﹕放在選項前面,用來加入另一個否定項目,或提供不同選項或替代方案

We can eat either beef or pork. (提供不同選項或替代方案)  

我們可以吃牛肉,也可以吃豬肉

實戰練習題!

都學會了嗎?來試試看以下的練習吧!

1. I must buy a new phone ______.

A. Also B. Too C. As well D. Either  

2. Wesley is a strong boy. ______, he is very generous.

A. Also B. Too C. As well D. Either  

3. I’m going to Japan next week and my sister’s going _____.

A. Also B. Too C. As well D. Either  

4. He can’t surf; he can’t swim ______.

A. Also B. Too C. As well D. Either  

日常對話怎麼講?

在看答案之前,讓我們來學一下怎麼在日常生活中我們應該怎麼說「除此之外」。

聊天時,我們都不太會用「Also」、「Either」;相反,我們會較常使用「as well」及「too」,並且放在句末。

A: I’ll have a slice of chocolate cake please. 

B: Yes. 

A: And I’ll have the lemon tart as well. 

A: I need to go to the washroom.

B: Me too.

正式寫作時(Formal Language)

在正式寫作時(文案、論文等等),應該要盡量避免使用too、as well,因為它們兩個都是屬於比較口語化的詞彙(Informal Language)。

相反,在正式寫作當中,我們除了可以用also之外,也可以用一些其他比較正式的字詞,例如 in addition, besides, additionally, furthermore, further, moreover , 它們都是比較正式的字去表達「除此之外」、「也」、「另外」的意思。

在用法方面,它們都屬於副詞,一般來說只會放在句首,並必須使用逗號,例如﹕

Kate ordered the ice cream for her dessert. In addition, she ordered a brownie to split with her friend.

Kate點了一份冰淇淋。另外,她也點了一份布朗尼來與朋友分享。

那麼,想好了答案了嗎?對自己的答案沒信心嗎?最後再來看看以下短片鞏固一下知識吧!

 

答案是 :
1. B,C
2. A
3. B,C 
4. D

下載筆記

剛剛學完很快又忘記了有什麼句式可以用?Cindy 老師貼心為你準備好複習筆記!只要傳送「also」到我們AmazingTalker的facebook專頁Messenger(或者網頁右下角的藍色按鈕),小編就會馬上傳送筆記給你啦!也歡迎點讚我們的英文學習專頁,上面會不定期發放英文學習的資訊和攻略喔!

作者介紹

Cindy Wang

Cindy Wang

Hi! I'm Cindy! I grew up in Canada and Israel. I love to interact with people, and with 4 years of teaching children, I believe I can help you learn English in a fun way! I'm very enthusiastic and passionate about teaching. I have taught students from elementary school and junior high school. I have assisted students with reading comprehension, combining storytelling and grammar lessons, while improving daily conversational skills through lessons taught all in English. Let's check out my profile and book a trial lesson with me.
Cindy Wang

Cindy Wang

Hi! I'm Cindy! I grew up in Canada and Israel. I love to interact with people, and with 4 years of teaching children, I believe I can help you learn English in a fun way! I'm very enthusiastic and passionate about teaching. I have taught students from elementary school and junior high school. I have assisted students with reading comprehension, combining storytelling and grammar lessons, while improving daily conversational skills through lessons taught all in English. Let's check out my profile and book a trial lesson with me.

想提昇英語能力?為您推薦台灣熱門英文家教!

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